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Ripping an Audio File From a Video File using Swift

Swift, AVFoundation, Audio Extraction1 min read

When working with multimedia applications, there may be situations where you need to extract or rip the audio track from a video file. This can be useful in scenarios like creating podcasts from videos, generating sound clips, or analyzing the audio content. In this tutorial, we'll walk through the process of extracting audio from a video file using Swift programming language and the AVFoundation framework.


Before we begin, make sure you have the following set up:

  1. Xcode installed on your system
  2. Basic knowledge of Swift programming language
  3. Familiarity with AVFoundation framework

Getting Started

To get started, create a new Swift project in Xcode and import the AVFoundation framework into your project. Once you have your project set up, follow these steps to extract audio from a video file:

  1. Locate the video file: First, identify the video file from which you want to extract the audio. Make sure the video file exists within your project's bundle or provide its full path if it is stored externally.

  2. Create an AVAsset instance: Use the AVAsset class to represent the video asset. Initialize the asset by passing the URL or file path of the video file.

    1guard let videoURL = Bundle.main.url(forResource: "video", withExtension: "mp4") else {
    2 print("Video file not found.")
    3 return
    6let asset = AVAsset(url: videoURL)
  3. Extract the audio track: Now that we have the AVAsset instance, we can extract the audio track from it. We'll use the AVAssetExportSession class to accomplish this.

    1guard let exportSession = AVAssetExportSession(asset: asset, presetName: AVAssetExportPresetAppleM4A) else {
    2 print("Unable to create AVAssetExportSession.")
    3 return
    6let outputURL = [Provide your URL here]
    8exportSession.outputFileType = .m4a
    9exportSession.outputURL = outputURL
    11exportSession.exportAsynchronously {
    12 if exportSession.status == .completed {
    13 print("Audio extraction successful!")
    14 } else if exportSession.status == .failed {
    15 print("Audio extraction failed: \(exportSession.error?.localizedDescription ?? "")")
    16 }
  4. Handling the exported audio: Once the export session completes, you can handle the exported audio file according to your requirements. You can play it, save it to a database, share it, or perform any other operations needed.


Let's put everything together and see an example of extracting audio from a video file:

1import AVFoundation
3func extractAudio(from videoURL: URL, outputURL: URL) {
4 let asset = AVAsset(url: videoURL)
6 guard let exportSession = AVAssetExportSession(asset: asset, presetName: AVAssetExportPresetAppleM4A) else {
7 print("Unable to create AVAssetExportSession.")
8 return
9 }
11 exportSession.outputFileType = .m4a
12 exportSession.outputURL = outputURL
14 exportSession.exportAsynchronously {
15 if exportSession.status == .completed {
16 print("Audio extraction successful!")
17 } else if exportSession.status == .failed {
18 print("Audio extraction failed: \(exportSession.error?.localizedDescription ?? "")")
19 }
20 }
23// Usage
24guard let videoURL = Bundle.main.url(forResource: "video", withExtension: "mp4"),
25 let outputURL = FileManager.default.urls(for: .documentDirectory, in: .userDomainMask).first?.appendingPathComponent("extracted_audio.m4a") else {
26 print("Invalid URLs.")
27 return
30extractAudio(from: videoURL, outputURL: outputURL)

In Closing

In this tutorial, we explored how to extract audio from a video file using Swift and the AVFoundation framework. By leveraging the capabilities provided by AVFoundation, you can easily rip audio tracks from videos in your iOS applications. This opens up possibilities for creating audio-based experiences, automating audio processing, and incorporating multimedia functionality into your apps!